13. Futurism, War, DaDa
Image: Hannah Höch, Cut with Kitchen Knife, colage, 1919
Slide 1: Chaos, War, Futurism, DaDa
Slide 2: Francisco Goya, The Second of May 1808, painted in 1814. The Napoleonic Wars did not end until 1815.
Slide 3: Goya's Black Paintings (1820s) can be understood as a response to the absurdity of war, Humanity eating its children.
Slide 4: Braque and Picasso, Cubism, 1909-1914.
Slide 5: Futurism: although it was largely an Italian phenomenon, there were parallel movements in Russia and other countries.
Slide 6: The emphasis was on speed, movement, and the transient.
Slide 7: Duchamp's Nude Descending a Stairway, 1912. Duchamp combines elements of Cubist and Futurist movements. In the composition. He was influenced by the chrono-photography of Étienne-Jules Marey and others, particularly Muybridge's Woman Walking Downstairs (1887) and the invention of Xrays.
Slide 8: WW I, Trench warfare.
Slide 9: WW I, Trench warfare.
Slide 10: Hugo Ball, DaDa, 1917
Slide 11: Cafe Voltaire, Zurich, Sweitzerland Switzerland, 1917
Slide 12: Hannah Höch, Cut with Kitchen Knife, colage, 1919
Slide 13: Picasso, Guernica, 1937
Slide 14: Jacob Lawrence, Immigration Series, 1941